Kirigami technique used to create 3D nanostructures

Kirigami technique used to create 3D nanostructures

Image of kirigami cuts to 3D nanomaterials

Strategically placed cuts to structural films can create 3D nanostructures when force is applied to the films, similar to how kirigami cuts made to paper can create pop-up structures.

IMAGE: Jennifer M. McCann/Penn State MRI