Health Shorts: Adjusting insulin for takeaway meals

September 30, 2009

Diabetes patients on intensive insulin therapy are usually advised to calculate their insulin dose on the basis of total carbohydrates consumed. Foods with the same carbohydrate load can have different effects on blood sugar, however, depending on glycemic index and glycemic load. Spaghetti, for example, may cause less increase in blood sugar than the same amount of carbohydrates in potatoes.

A study found that popular takeaway foods caused varying responses in blood sugar. However, foods with a low glycemic index also tended to be high in fat. Patients eating these foods need to monitor their blood sugar carefully to avoid a hypoglycemic episode.

[SOURCE: K. MacDonald, et al, “Effect of popular takeaway foods on blood glucose levels in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients on intensive insulin therapy,’ International Journal of Clinical Practice, March 2, 2009]

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Last Updated October 01, 2009