Madrid Pantokrator -- 002

Madrid Pantokrator -- 002

Madrid Pantokrator detail

An image of Christ Pantokrator, "Ruler of All," carved on an ivory plaque that was sold at auction in Madrid two years ago. Penn State art historian Anthony Cutler is trying to determine whether the plaque is a genuine artifact of Byzantine times or a more recent creation.

IMAGE: Brynne McBryde/Penn State