The best way to study the atmospheres of distant worlds with the James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled to launch in late 2018 will combine two of its infrared instruments, according to a team of astronomers.
Science and Technology
A $3.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation will support a new research project aimed at pinpointing the genes that confer disease resistance in cacao. The ultimate goal of the four-year study is to develop a new approach that plant scientists and breeders can use to identify the genetic basis for disease resistance in a variety of perennial crops.
Delicate fossil remains of tomatillos found in Patagonia, Argentina, show that this branch of the economically important family that also includes potatoes, peppers, tobacco, petunias and tomatoes existed 52 million years ago, long before the dates previously ascribed to these species, according to an international team of scientists.
An unparalleled image from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory is giving an international team of astronomers the best look yet at the growth of black holes over billions of years beginning soon after the Big Bang. This is the deepest X-ray image ever obtained, collected with about 7 million seconds, or 11 and a half weeks, of Chandra observing time.
Some researchers are working to discover new, safer ways to deliver cancer-fighting drugs to tumors without damaging healthy cells. Others are finding ways to boost the body's own immune system to attack cancer cells. Researchers at Penn State have combined the two approaches by taking biodegradable polymer nanoparticles encapsulated with cancer-fighting drugs and incorporating them into immune cells to create a smart, targeted system to attack cancers of specific types.
The Institute for CyberScience encourages researchers to submit applications for the 2017 ICS Seed Grant Program.
The microbe E. coli gets a bad rap in the food industry, but in the chemical engineering realm, it is one of the most important microorganisms for producing amino acids, bioethanol, vitamins and more. Researchers in Penn State's Chemical and Biological Systems Optimization Lab have developed a near genome-scale kinetic model of Escherichia coli's metabolic processes, which will allow scientists to quickly and efficiently use computer modeling to reliably predict the effect of multiple gene interventions.
A new concept in energy harvesting could capture energy currently wasted due to its characteristic low frequency and use it to power next-generation electronic devices, according to a team of Penn State materials scientists and electrical engineers.
A team of researchers and analysts from Penn State, Case Western Reserve University, the GE Global Research Center and Microsoft are working on a $1.5 million collaborative research project to develop a cloud-based wireless sensing and prognostic system for monitoring machinery health conditions.
The Penn State Vertical Lift Research Center of Excellence (VLRCOE) was awarded $13,786,974 in funding through a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to support a wide range of fundamental research related to vertical lift technology and educational activities for students.
There's no shortage of good new ideas, says engineering design expert Scarlett Miller. We walk away from them every day. The question is, why? And what can we do about it?
A team of scientists has uncovered details of the cellular mechanisms that control the direct programming of stem cells into motor neurons. The research findings, which appear online in the journal Cell Stem Cell on Dec. 8, show the challenges facing current cell-replacement technology, but they also outline a potential pathway to the creation of more viable methods.
Penn State University, in collaboration with the Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation and other technology providers and with funding from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP), is demonstrating a cost-effective technology path to increase the use of renewable-energy power generation in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Marcellus shale gas will be used to fuel a gas-fired turbine power generator in combination with solar cell and battery energy storage systems.
A new Penn State project will use telemedicine technology to enhance access to sexual assault forensic exams in underserved populations.
A new super-resolution microscope and some of the first dynamic imaging experiments it enables are being supported by two grants totaling nearly $1.5 million awarded to Penn State researchers by the National Science Foundation.