For the first time in modern history, the suicide rate of active-duty service members exceeds that of the civilian population. A recent study conducted by the Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness at Penn State and supported by a grant from the U.S. Navy, examined nondeployment related factors that precede military suicide, and the impact of those suicides on spouses and families.
Health and Medicine
Researchers in the Penn State College of Nursing are testing an intervention that involves family members in the recovery process for individuals with dementia, following their short-term hospitalization for acute medical conditions.
The decrease in the number of studies reproduced by other scientists has been termed "the reproducibility crisis." Reproducibility is a key step of the scientific method. A team of researchers suggest that the increasing complexity of managing data may be one reason that reproducibility has fallen off. They suggest better technology and more encouragement may increase the number of scientists who engage in reproducing studies and improving the overall credibility of science.
A new approach to information gathering could allow scientists to quickly identify the most effective way to manage a disease outbreak, an advance that could save lives. Developed by an international team of researchers led by Penn State scientists using insights from the 2014 Ebola outbreak, the method pinpoints critical pieces of missing information required to improve management decisions during an outbreak.
Over 20 percent of older adults suffer from subjective memory impairment, where a person reports having trouble remembering things with no evidence of actual memory loss. Now Penn State researchers are looking into the growing evidence that subjective memory impairment can lead to Alzheimer’s disease in some older adults.
When parasitic worms invade the body, immune cells may rely on a receptor to signal a counterattack. The findings may lead to better drugs to fight infections.
Monthly eye injections of Avastin (bevacizumab) are as effective as the more expensive drug Eylea (aflibercept) for the treatment of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), according to a study chaired by Dr. Ingrid U. Scott of Penn State College of Medicine.
In a commentary in the April issue of Nature Plants, Karl Zimmerer, professor of geography, argues that a comprehensive approach to protecting the human use of biodiversity of agricultural crops is vital to a sustainable food future that addresses global hunger, increasing populations and changing climate.
Conventional wisdom suggests that women are better than men at facial recognition and categorizing facial expressions. Penn State psychologists found no evidence for that, despite using both behavioral and neuroimaging tests.
The higher frequency of tantrums in children with autism are often blamed on speech and language problems. In a study, researchers indicate that IQ, the ability to understand language, and their ability to use words and speak clearly explained less than 3 percent of their tantrums.
When facing an outbreak of an infectious disease like Zika, influenza or Ebola, early detection and isolation of the virus is critical. A new Penn State startup is working to tackle this challenge with truly remarkable technology.
TeleConsult, a three-tier, collaborative program in the College of Education, provides guidance and information for military families regarding their child’s autism diagnosis.
Penn State researchers were recently awarded a Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grant to learn more about animal-assisted therapy in child abuse situations.
A diet supplemented with soy protein may be an effective adjunct therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases, Penn State researchers reported after completing a study that included mice and cultured human colon cells.
Researchers at Penn State have received more than $1 million in first-year funding from the National Institutes of Health to investigate malaria transmission in Southeast Asia with a goal of working toward the disease's elimination in the region. They will receive up to approximately $9 million over seven years for this project.
A mother who is happy in her partner relationship tends to report that her baby is less fussy. Penn State College of Medicine researchers suggest that either there is a connection between fussiness and the happiness of the couple, or that mothers who are happy in their relationships are less likely to report babies with colic.