A paper coauthored by Russell Graham, director of Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences’ Museum & Art Gallery and professor of geosciences, received the Cozzarelli Prize from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Each year, PNAS gives the award to the best published paper of outstanding scientific excellence and originality in the six broadly defined scientific areas of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Sciences
Watch as Penn State University Professor of Physics Abhay Ashtekar, Holder of the Eberly Family Chair in Physics and director of the Penn State Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, is introduced to his colleagues in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and signs the 154-year-old “Registry of Membership.”
Penn State Professor of Physics Abhay Ashtekar, holder of the Eberly Family Chair in Physics and director of the Penn State Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, has been elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Election to membership in the academy is one of the highest honors accorded to U.S. scientists or engineers by their peers.
James F. Kasting, Evan Pugh University Professor of Geosciences, will receive the 2015 National Academy of Sciences Award in Early Earth and Life Sciences. The award will be presented with the Stanley Miller Medal.
Stephen J. Benkovic, an Evan Pugh professor of chemistry and holder of the Eberly Family Chair in Chemistry at Penn State, has been awarded the 2011 National Academy of Sciences Award in Chemical Sciences. He was chosen to receive the award for his groundbreaking contributions to understanding catalysis and complex biological machines -- the purinosome and DNA polymerases -- and for demonstrating the power of chemistry to solve biological problems. Supported by the Merck Company Foundation with a monetary prize, the award honors innovative research in the chemical sciences that contributes to a better understanding of the natural sciences and to the benefit of humanity.
Taking on a rare cancer with the aid of network modeling
Richard Alley, the Evan Pugh professor of geosciences, and Barry Marshall, the Francis R. and Helen M. Pentz Professor of Science, are the newest Penn State members of the National Academy of Sciences which announced the election of 72 new members and 18 foreign associates from nine countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.
The Communications and Space Sciences Laboratory's annual Arthur H. Waynick Memorial Lecture Series will feature Ralph Cicerone, president of the National Academy of Sciences, at 8 p.m. on May 2 in 104 Keller Building, University Park. The event is free to the public. The lecture, "Global Climate Change: Human Causes and Responses," will discuss evidence of contemporary climate change and its causes, including the human-enhanced greenhouse effect.
Married co-authors Alan Walker and Pat Shipman write in their new book The Ape in the Tree that humans are separated by "at least one million generations" from a creature known as Proconsul, which evolved in Africa during the Miocene era between 21 and 14 million years ago. Proconsul was a 20-pound primate that lived in trees and ate fruits. We know it from a wealth of fossils found at several sites, including ones on Rusinga and Mfangano Islands in Lake Victoria, Kenya, where Walker led a series of archaeological expeditions during the 1980s.
According to Penn State plant geneticist and molecular biologist Nina Fedoroff, "Genetically modified foods are as safe to eat as foods made from plants modified by more traditional methods of plant breeding. In fact, they are very probably safer, simply because they undergo testing that has never been required for food plants modified either by traditional breeding techniques or by mutagenesis, both of which can alter a plant's chemical composition.
In the 19th century, anthropologists argued that skull capacity equated directly with intelligence. Caucasians, so the theory went, had larger brains—and thus were smarter—than American Indians and people of African descent. It was a convenient, if false, viewpoint in a white-dominated society. As the 20th century dawned, early skull examiners pointed to another characteristic, cranial index, or head form, as a means of discerning races and ethnic groups.