Lancaster leaf -- 003

Lancaster leaf -- 003

reconstruction of the pre-settlement landscape

The upper slope forest community in the background represents the Red Oak-American Beech-Sweet Birch mixed hardwood forest interpreted here from fossil leaves. The foreground consists of tussock-sedge wetlands with small, interconnected stream channels and pools, quite unlike the steep-banked single channel streams seen today.

Image: Wilf Lab/Penn State
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